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Finalquestions2 - Section II Question 1 21:32 1 How do formal operational thought and postconventional moral reasoning promote identity achievement

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Section II: Question 1 21:32 1. How do formal operational thought and post-conventional moral reasoning  promote identity achievement?   Formal Operational Thought: Can operate with propositions that are contrary to fact Use symbols for the abstract (algebra, metaphors) Ability to anticipate consequences of actions Detect inconsistencies in logic (but not own) Ability to take opposite point of view than what you hold Push irrelevant info out of the way Comprehend when they don’t understand a concept Post-Conventional Moral Reasoning (Kohlberg) Right behavior conforms to one’s own moral principles regardless of  consequences Only few have behaviors that match with moral reasoning *Ego centrism concepts can trump cognition  - identity requires a security in moral reasoning - to find identity one can take other point of views to better understand what they  believe  - the ability to anticipate consequences influences behavior in relation to moral  reasoning which then affects how the identity is built - especially in adolescents, finding an identity is crucial – building it comes from finding all info (taking other POV, detecting  inconsistencies)  then knowing what you believe and acting on that (moral reasoning)
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Question 2 21:32 2. How do the developmental issues and tasks of middle adulthood lead to Stage  5 of Fowler’s Stages of Faith?  (Be sure to include Erikson’s and Peck’s theories  and cognitive theories)
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Question 2 21:32 Stage 5: Conjunctive faith Unconscious ideas and rational conscious values (eg, power of prayer v.  worth of life rather than property) Willing to accept contradictions  - faith is a way for people to deal with life events – overcome adversity  Developmental Tasks health issues retirement empty nest balancing relationships generativity grandparents launching children menopause widowhood civic responsibility  Erikson
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Question 2 21:32 Generativity vs. Stagnation o Taking care of others, the future, guiding the next generation o “what is my legacy?” o OR cynicism o “have I done what I wanted to do?” Peck: 4 Challenges 1) Valuing wisdom over physical strength and attractiveness 2) Redefine relationships in broader terms o more social, less sexualized 3) Cathected Flexibility o shifting emotional investment to new ideas, people, activities when bonds  are broken due to changes 4) Mentally Flexible o open to new ideas - by dealing with all these issues – including lots of death and changes, one must  be willing to accept contradictions in life - it would be more productive to have generativity by accepting these changes 
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2009 for the course PSYC 322 taught by Professor Scott-lowe during the Spring '09 term at Pepperdine.

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Finalquestions2 - Section II Question 1 21:32 1 How do formal operational thought and postconventional moral reasoning promote identity achievement

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