psyc315 - Health Psychology 19:06 Applying psychological...

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Health Psychology 19:06 Applying psychological ideas to the: Prevention Early detection Screening Treatment Of health problems. FOCUS on: -- anxiety related disorders (CVD) -- depression affects immune system --stress! -- eating disorders -- substance use -- AIDS prevention Health Related Behaviors Substance Abuse o Substance dependence Tolerance and/or withdrawal, and impairment in some area of life  (physical condition) o Substance Abuse Recurrent use despite adverse consequences – some area of life is  suffering 
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o Assessment of Behaviors Requires openness and acknowledgment of abuse/problem Not both problems have same psychological backgrounds/reasons Eating Disorders o Anorexia Nervosa Low body weight, fear of gaining weight, unrealistic body perception,  and amenorrhea (for women) o Bulimia Nervosa Binge eating, compensatory behavior, and influence on self-evaluation  o Assessment Impossible to reliably determine eating disorders if not willing to  acknowledge problem/behavior pattern Not all eating disorders are caused by same psychological reasons Eating Disorders Inventory (Garner) Stress o Early measures of stress Live event scales  Does not account for coping styles and list are not extensive Stress is hard to arbitrarily put numbers to it Daily life situations influence more so than major life events Holistic stress assessment Stressful events
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Appraisals (primary and secondary) Primary – harm, threat, challenge Secondary – resources, burdens  Resources: not just subjective for person, but as an objective  person to look at situation Coping Style (Problem- or Emotion- focused) Adaptive and nonadaptive Millon Behavioral Medicine Diagnostic  o Measures many different psychological issues relating to health Psychiatric conditions Coping styles Stress moderators o Very long, tiring to take (1 hour long test) 
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Applications in Clinical Psychology, Forensic Psyc, and  Personnel 19:06 Personnel Selection Application forms (Biodata) (info given on the app itself) o Poor predictive validity (only slightly better than chance) o Improvement: ask for less information (less is more) Info asked is usually irrelevant to the job
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2009 for the course PSYC 315 taught by Professor Rouse during the Spring '09 term at Pepperdine.

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psyc315 - Health Psychology 19:06 Applying psychological...

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