CHAPTER THREE

CHAPTER THREE - CHAPTER THREE: PAVLOVIAN CONDITIONING...

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CHAPTER THREE: PAVLOVIAN CONDITIONING - originally studied physiology (looking at digestion in dogs) - psychic secretion: salivating when seeing researcher that brought food - Pavlov distinguished between two types of reflexes: o Unconditioned reflex (US and UR) -- inborn o Conditioned reflex (CS and CR) – learned - Pavlov used a metronome paired with food (trial) o US UR o CS US UR o CS CR - Taste aversion: one trial learning; eating something that makes them sick, only takes one time to associate it with sickness - Higher Order Conditioning o Metronome + food = drool o Metronome = drool o Light + metronome = drool o Light = drool Associating another CS with the previously learned CS to elicit a CR - Generalization: when a response is acquired to a CS, other CSs will also evoke the same conditioned response; o The closer the new stimulus is to the CS, the higher the probability is that the response will occur - Discrimination: the organism differentiates or discriminates between the original stimulus and the new stimulus - Extinction: a decrease in a conditioned response due to repeated exposures. o
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CHAPTER THREE - CHAPTER THREE: PAVLOVIAN CONDITIONING...

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