CHAPTER TWO - CHAPTER TWO: THE STUDY OF LEARNING AND...

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CHAPTER TWO: THE STUDY OF LEARNING AND BEHAVIOR Learning is defined as the change in behavior due to experience. How do we measure learning? - Errors o Ex. Exams (how many errors); rats in a maze (wrong path vs  right path) - Topography – change in form o Ex. Tracing letters or shapes (how close to original); allowing  children to dress themselves  - Intensity – strength of behavior o Ex. Strength of pressure on lever for food given to rats; singing  (knowing lyrics influences loudness of voice)  - Speed o Ex. Quickness of mouse in a maze;  - Latency – period of time when you can start compared to when you do o Ex. Spelling words (time between word said and beginning of  spelling); how quick you begin - Rate or frequency o Cumulative recorder – paper with pen and needle attached  o Ex. How many cigarettes smoked in a day;  Research Designs - avoid anecdotal evidence
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CHAPTER TWO - CHAPTER TWO: THE STUDY OF LEARNING AND...

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