Chapter 4 - Chapter 4 Macrosociology: Studying Larger...

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Chapter 4 Macrosociology: Studying Larger Groups and Societies Population (or census) data vs. sample data Random sample - everyone has an equal chance of being selected in the sample - SLOPS (self-selected listener opinion polls) Alf Landon vs. FDR (1936) Automobile registration and Phones a way to pick sample in 1936? E.g., Election Polls: How do they work? Impossible to ask everyone Sample size approximately 1000 produces margin of error of 3% The big problems…. 1. Cell Phones – random digit dialing (cell phones increasingly a problem) 2. Registered voters don’t necessarily vote… defining “likely voter.” Example: Religious commitment and Juvenile Delinquency So commonsensical, why bother? Theory WOULD predict a relationship E.g., Durkheim… moral and social integration Psych theory also relevant Association (non-experimental) study, right? Three conditions of cause met? Association Time Order But is it spurious? Any confounding variables? Research on Effects of religious commitment mixed Some studies find week relationship between IV and DV (unchurched areas) Some find stronger relationships between IV and DV (churched areas)
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2009 for the course SOC 200 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '08 term at Pepperdine.

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Chapter 4 - Chapter 4 Macrosociology: Studying Larger...

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