Final Exam Study Guide.360 s08

Final Exam Study Guide.360 s08 - Psychology 360, Fall 2008...

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Psychology 360, Fall 2008 Final Exam Study Guide Childhood disorders —See page 476: Developmental Model of Behavior Disoders -The developmental approach to psychopathology Childhood disorders reflect: -Failure to pass developmental milestones -Social developmental issues -Adult disorders expressed differently Different disorders include: -disruptive behavior disorders -separation anxiety disorders -habit disorders (feeding, elimination, tic disorders) -motor and communication disorders -learning disorders -pervasive developmental disorders -mental retardation - ADHD: (disruptive behavior disorder) *ONLY 1 -7% of children actually develop ADHD Symptoms: inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity Causes? -neurologically immature? (immaturity hypothesis) -dopamine hypothesis -genetics -birth complications, prenatal care -psychological and social contributors—disruptive homes, fathers prone to antisocial or criminal behavior, childrens’ interactions with mothers are hostile. Three Types: Combined Type: 6 or more symptoms of inattention and 6 or more symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity Predominantly inattentive type: 6 or more symptoms of inattention but fewer than 6 of hyperactivity-impulsivity. Sluggish cognitive tempo— slow retrieval of information and slow processing of information, low levels of alertness, drowsiness, and daydreaming. Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Type: 6 or more hyperactivity-impulsivity but fewer than 6 of inattention Comorbidity: -antisocial problems (40-60%)—persist into adulthood -substance problems -adult ADHD -20-25% have other learning disabilities -poor peer relationships
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-ADHD can lead to conduct disorder -mood and anxiety disorders -marital conflicts, traffic accidents, legal infractions, job changes, etc. -anti-social personality disorder Future prognosis: - vary significantly symptoms persist into adulthood for ¾ of these kids Gender differences: -Boys 3 times more likely than girls to develop ADHD in childhood and early adolescence -Boys with ADHD tend to have more disruptive behaviors than girls with ADHD under-identification of ADHD in girls? Treatments: -Ritalin, Dexedrine, Adderall—dopamine (enhancing release and inhibiting the reuptake of neuortransmitter) -# of children prescribed has increased 200-300% in past 2 decades -long term help: stimulant therapy with behavior therapy that focuses on reinforcing attentive, goal-directed and pro-social behaviors, and extinguishing maladaptive behaviors in their children. Ex: behavioral contracts -stimulant therapy and psychosocial therapy best bet -Conduct disorder: (disruptive behavior disorder) -3-7% of children exhibit behavior serious enough to qualify for diagnosis. Symptoms:
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2009 for the course PSYC 360 taught by Professor Borders during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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Final Exam Study Guide.360 s08 - Psychology 360, Fall 2008...

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