26.09 Notes

26.09 Notes - Applications of Classical Conditioning 1.

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Applications of Classical Conditioning 1. Alcoholics – (aversively) by reversing their positive-associations with alcohol 2. A drug (plus its taste) that affects the immune response may cause the taste of the drug to invoke… Skinner’s Experiments Skinner extended Thorndike’s law of effect – rewarded behavior that is likely to occur again For example: putting cats into a “puzzle box” and measuring how long it took them to figure out how to get out of the box. Shaping Reinforcers guide behavior towards the desired target behavior through successive approximations. A rat shaped to sniff mines. A manatee shaped to discriminate objects of different shape, colors, and sizes. Types of Reinforcers Any event that strengthens the behavior it follows. A heat lamp positively reinforces a meerkat’s behavior in the cold. Positive reinforcement Add a desirable stimulus Getting a hug; receiving a paycheck Negative reinforcement Remove an aversive stimulus Fastening seatbelt to turn off beeping
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2009 for the course PGS 11653 taught by Professor Kate during the Spring '09 term at ASU.

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26.09 Notes - Applications of Classical Conditioning 1.

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