Psychology - processes( investigatewhatwedo Mental...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psychology - science of behavior and mental processes (rigorous scientific tool to investigate what we do) Behavior- anything an organism does Mental Processes : internal, subjective… sensations, perceptions, dreams, thoughts, beliefs, feelings Science : a way of asking and answering questions: sift opinions and evaluate ideas with careful observation and rigorous analysis -The American Psychological Association is the largest organization of psychology with 160,000 members world-wide, followed by the British Psychological Society with 34,000 members. Psychology’s Big Debate Nature vs. Nurture- Darwin stated that nature selects those that best enable the organism to survive and reproduce in a particular environment (Finches on diff islands have diff beaks depending on what they need to use it for) Three Main Levels of Analysis Psychological Influences: Learned fears and other learned expectations Emotional responses Cognitive processing and perceptual interpretations Biological Influences: Genetic predispositions Genetic mutations Social-Cultural Influences: Presence of others Cultural, societal, and family expectations Psychology’s Current Perspectives Neuroscience- How the body and brain enables emotions? Evolutionary - How the natural selection of traits promotes the perpetuation of one’s genes Behavior Genetics - How much our genes and our environments influence our individual differences? Psychodynamic - How behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts? Behavioral - How we learn observable responses? (only really deals with behaviors Cognitive - How we encode, process, store and retrieve information? Social-Cultural - How behavior and thinking carry across situations and cultures? Psychology’s Subfields: Research Biological - Explore the links between brain and mind – 9.9% Developmental - Study changing abilities from womb to tomb – 24.6% Cognitive - Study how we perceive, think, and solve problems – 8.0% Personality - Investigate our persistent traits – 4.8% Social - Explore how we view and affect one another – 21.6% (Others: Psychometrics – 5.5%; Experimental – 14.1%; Other – 11.5%) Psychology’s Subfields: Applied Clinical - Studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders 67% Counseling - Helps people cope with academic, vocational, and marital challenges 15% Educational - Studies and helps individuals in school and educational settings – 9% Industrial/Organizational - Studies and advises on behavior in the workplace 6% Clinical Psychology vs. Psychiatry A clinical psychologist (Ph.D.) studies, assesses, and treats troubled people with psychotherapy Psychiatrists on the other hand are medical professionals (M.D.) who use treatments like drugs and psychotherapy to treat
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/29/2009 for the course PGS 11653 taught by Professor Kate during the Spring '09 term at ASU.

Page1 / 2

Psychology - processes( investigatewhatwedo Mental...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online