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Unformatted text preview: Origins of Agriculture 16:23 Auroch • Wither- shoulders • 6ft tall • 1627 last one shot • ancestor of cattle Food Production • Human control over the reproduction of plants and animals • Neolithic period: the new stone age about 11,000 years ago • Transition to food producing economy spread over many, many centuries The Fertile Crescent • Crescent shape area Syria, Egypt, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq • Cereal- staples of civilization • Cereal domestication- annuals Vavilov’s Eight Centers of Crop Origin • Institute was responsible for collecting plants to genetically breed them • Theory o The region of the greatest diversity of a species of plant represents its center of origin • Died of malnutrition in concentration camps T.D. Lysenko • Enemy of Vavilov • Did not believe in Mendel • Lamarkian….. giraffes (being trained) • Stalin’s scientist Elements of Agriculture • Intensification • Irrigation • Draft animals, plows • Larger, more permanent plots • Fertilizer Domestication • An evolutionary process whereby humans modify, either intentionally or...
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- Spring '08
- Anthropology, Vavilov, Cereal domestication annuals, wild ancestors, Early Plant Domestication