Exam ONE

Exam ONE - Intro to Anthropology 2009-02-12

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Intro to Anthropology  17:42   http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0073405272/student_view0/ What is anthropology? The exploration of human race over time and space. The integrated study of human nature, human society, and human history. The 5 types of anthropology: o Biological  Health  Growth Genetics Development o Archaeology Human diversity in the past o Applied Impacts on culture  envionments o Cultural Customs Ideas
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o Anthropological Linguistics Language Symbols Idioms The Nacirema o 1956 Horace Miner o fundamental belief that the human body is ugly and becomes disabled and  diseased over time o each room of each family has a shrine (bathroom) room o bows head before a small fount o charms (in medicine cabinet)  o Nacirema = American o Milk men = Dentists o Ethnocentrism-      how we interpret things based on our cultural background
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Methods and Cultural Anthropology 17:42 Methods Methodology throughout the discipline of anthropology Special relationship to fieldwork Cultural Anthropology Describe culture What makes human culture unique? Anthropology Methods Fieldwork o Paleoanthropology, ecology, forestry, geography o Years work in the field Archival or lab research Methods in Archaeology Systematic survey: identify evidence of human occupation o Ariel Photos o Satellite Imagery Systematic excavation of key sites o What you will find:  artifacts  environmental information architecture
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Methods and Cultural Anthropology 17:42 Biological Anthropology and Archaeology Bone biology: information about life ways Paleopathology Forensic anthropology- study of bones and skeletal remains Paleoanthropology- looking at human ancestry by looking at fossils Methods in Cultural Anthropology Ethnography: o Obtaining descriptive depth  o Emic and etic explanations Emic- local people believe their explanations Etic- observers explanations for how things happen How to learn about people: o Observe behavior (observations) o Talk with people (interviews, conversation) With individuals Unstructured interviews (open questions and answers) Gain understanding, not statistically valid Semi-structured interviews (fixed questions and open answers) Gain understanding, not statistically valid Questionnaires (fixed questions, limited answers) Measurement, statistical validity, gain no understanding
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Methods and Cultural Anthropology 17:42 o Participate in culture (participant observation, participatory mapping,  historical matrices, free listing and pile sorting, choice experiments,  participatory exercises) o Individual interviews o Group Interviews
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Exam ONE - Intro to Anthropology 2009-02-12

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