Religion and Magic - Religion and Magic 2009-04-09...

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Religion and Magic 17:37 Religion: Belief and ritual concerned with supernatural beings, powers, and forces Public, practiced as a group Cooperative, good Religion as a social organization o Cooperation, cohesion, identity o Leadership o Governance and adjudication Code of ethics- 10 commandments Ordeals, oracles, divination o Healing (physical, social) Appeasing ancestors, spirits Exorcism Unwitching Energy Transfer o Life Events (affirm identity, membership) Rites of Passage (marriage, initiation into adulthood) Separation Liminality Incorporation into society
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Comunitas- collective liminality o Religion Belief and ritual concerned with supernatural powers, and forces Public, group Cooperative, good o Magic Supernatural techniques intended to accomplish specific aims Personal Antisocial, morally dubious Contagious magic- what ever is done to an object believes to affect  the person Magic can be positive or negative Witchcraft: magic for selfish gain (the negative) Sorcery: magical objects (charms, potions, medicines) for selfish gain Witchdoctor: unwitches- uses their power to undo spells o Witchcraft among the Azande of the Sudan, 1930s (evans- Pritchard) Misfortune- witchcraft, sometimes sorcery Ex. Someone tripping blamed on witchcraft In Principle: caused by “witchcraft essence” Has will of its own what people do not remember In practice: Usually unconscious Steps
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1. Misfortune occurs 2. Divination rubbing board termite oracle 3. Accusation (often stops here) shameful 4. If doesn’t stop- goo to poison oracle feed poison to a chick if dies then there was witchcraft involved  5. Repentance
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2009 for the course ANTH 1102 taught by Professor Gonzalez during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Religion and Magic - Religion and Magic 2009-04-09...

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