Exam Review Locke Rousseau Marx

Exam Review Locke Rousseau Marx - Review of Locke 1. The...

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Review of Locke 1. The 1 st Treatise Locke writes in criticism to Filmer. a. Filmer claimed that God gave dominion of everything to Adam. i. Locke says this is wrong and that God only gave Adam the dominion over animals, and that that power is also Eve’s. b. Filmer claimed Adam’s title to sovereignty was based on fatherhood (because he was a father he ruled the family, able to make humans and should have rule over them). i. Locke denies this and says people are driven by nature to mate and that people don’t create humans, God does. c. Filmer claimed that through the 5 th Commandment given by God that fathers have title to sovereignty. i. Locke says that there can be no supremecy of the father because the woman would also have the right because she also had a part in child making. d. Filmer fails to show how Adam’s sovereignty moves on and his titles to sovereignty are contradictory. e. Locke looks at Filmer’s reliance on scripture and exaggerates his reliance, making Filmer look ridiculous. i. This raises the question of possibility of raising government on scripture. ii. Locke shows that this cannot be possible because scripture is too obscure and is utterly silent on rules of government. iii. Locke looks at scripture as another way to learn God’s will, the other way is reason. iv. Reason is our ‘star and compass.’ v. When reason speaks, no need to look at revelation. 2. State of Nature, discussed in the 2 nd Treatise. a. State of nature a state of equality, a free state. b. Locke says you don’t just do whatever you want in the state of nature; you don’t hurt anyone unless they’re a threat to your life. c. So who judges who’s a threat to your life? i. You do, but there are clear laws for when you could kill another person. d. Law of Nature in State of Nature: Why’d we leave the State of nature? i. Hobbes answer: war. ii. Locke’s answer: not explicit that war is central origin, implies it is. e.
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2009 for the course PLS 170 taught by Professor Melzer during the Fall '06 term at Michigan State University.

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Exam Review Locke Rousseau Marx - Review of Locke 1. The...

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