Review for Machiavelli and Hobbes

Review for Machiavelli and Hobbes - Review for Machiavelli...

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Review for Machiavelli and Hobbes -study dedicatory letters -difference between Machiavelli and Hobbes 1. Is man a political animal according to Machiavelli and Hobbes? 1. No. 2. Modernity opposed to ancients? 1. Ancients emphasize human duty and happiness. 2. Moderns emphasize human rights, tell that ancients aim too high, and humans low selfish creatures driven by desire. 3. What is Hobbes’s state of nature? 1. War of all against all (terrible place) of pre-political state. 2. Everyone is free and equal because they can all kill each other. 3. Shows that humans and the state/city are not naturally political but passionate creatures. 4. Displaces ancient view. 5. Replaces the Garden of Eden. 6. Humans all fear violent death. 4. What is the problem of Christianity according to Machiavelli? 1. Christianity softens us as humans. 2. It enslaves us (tells us it’s wrong to pursue pleasures). 3. Threatens us with hell. 4. Work hard on earth to get to heaven and don’t bother making our world here better. 5. How do you solve the crisis between the church and state? 1. Make the sovereign head of religion. 2. God’s law to obey the sovereign no matter what. a. Even if the sovereign sins, you should follow him because it’s God’s will. 6. What is religion according to Hobbes? 1. Private, a matter of the heart. 2. An opinion. 7. How does Machiavelli justify telling a prince how to be a prince? 1. To know well the nature of the citizens one needs to be a prince and to know well the nature of a prince, one needs to be a citizen. 2.
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Review for Machiavelli and Hobbes - Review for Machiavelli...

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