The Prince Review Guide - The Prince Review Guide...

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The Prince Review Guide Dedicatory Letter 1. How does modernity differ from the classics? a. Moves from high thinking of ancients and establishes the real world on solid ground. b. Lose happiness . c. Focuses on passions- most important passion is fear. d. Attempts to undermine the classics and Christianity. e. In modernity, there’s no common good like in the classics. 2. What does Christianity do to humans? a. It softens us and makes us believe our natural desires are evil. b. We focus on heaven where we’ll all get our due and a hell that scares us into doing good c. Illusion of heaven prevents us from improving the world here. 3. To whom is The Prince dedicated? a. Lorenzo de Medici. 4. Why is The Prince so short? a. Lorenzo is a busy man and has little time to read so Machiavelli shortened the book. 5. How does he justify teaching a prince how to rule? a. The way a landscape artist paints the mountains, belongs to the prince to know the people. b. “To know the nature of peoples one needs to be a prince, and to know well the nature of princes one needs to be of the people.” Chapter 2 1. What’s the difference between how Aristotle describes regimes and how Machiavelli does? a. Aristotle: thinks about ends, purpose, either good or bad. b. Machiavelli: ignores ends and purposes, according to mode of acquisition, who rules and how he got there. 2. What is the aim/end of any regime? a. Stability(rooted in human nature) : two sources: i. Habit: we get used to things through habit and custom. What we’re used to we like. ii. Gratitude: power of love and gratitude in our nature. Prince gives everyone what they deserve and they are grateful. 3. What are the two principalities Machiavelli describes? a. Hereditary: established bloodline, easier to maintain, don’t have to make new institutions, don’t need to do bad things.
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b. One’s which are obtained through evil methods. 4. Main point of chapter 2: just princes are stable and the mean ones fail, quiet times of stability is normal and natural, two sources of stability are habit and gratitude.
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