Refutation-1 - is futile in that the audience is aware of...

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Refutation Every argumentative essay must include a paragraph refuting the opposing viewpoint.  An  arguable thesis has an  anti-thesis , or opposite point of view.  An effective argument recognizes  and addresses the opposition's viewpoints.  The writer who acknowledges, accommodates and  refutes the opposition's concerns can win the audience's respect and sometimes their agreement. Generally, the refutation paragraph is placed immediately after the introductory paragraph.  The  writer explains the opposing position before developing the paper's thesis.  In this position, the  refutation acknowledges the opposing position but does not detract from the importance of the  body paragraphs.    One, or a combination, of three basic strategies can be used: Acknowledge the opposition's viewpoint. The writer summarizes the opposition's viewpoint openly and honestly.  Ignoring the opposition 
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Unformatted text preview: is futile in that the audience is aware of the opposing arguments and will doubt the credibility of a presentation that chooses to ignore the opposition rather than deal with it. Accept all or part of the objections of the opposition and include these in the argument. The writer acknowledges the opposition's claims in his argument, and still shows that his own claims are the stronger. The strength of the writer's claims are more convincing than the opposing viewpoints. A writer might explain the opposition's weakest points, contrasting them with his argument's strongest points. Refute or explicitly oppose the claims of the opposite viewpoint. The writer refutes the opposition's claims showing they are incorrect or inconsequential--not a real problem....
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2009 for the course ENGL 15 taught by Professor Deborahmorkun during the Spring '08 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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