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Student outline 3

Student outline 3 - Page 1 of 2 SOC 352 Outline for Chapter...

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Page 1 of 2 SOC 352 – Outline for Chapter 3 Factors that determine the structure of society and the nature of change: Functionalist position – society and change are shaped by the necessities of survival Conflict position – society and change are shaped by conflict among groups and classes within society over the control of valued and scarce resources Interpretive position – social interaction processes between people and groups result in the creation and ongoing negotiation and revision of the meanings, symbols, and social definitions that constitute both society and change The Functionalist position: assumes that a society is a system of interrelated parts that function in ways that promote the survival of the whole system. More on page 44 Talcott Parsons’ “evolutionary theory” of change: 1. Adaptation (the generation of resources from the environment). 2. Goal attainment (choices about the consumption of resources). 3. Integration (regulation of relationships between the parts of the system). 4.
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