MUS 354 History of Rock Chapter 3

MUS 354 History of Rock Chapter 3 - Intro: Popular Music...

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1. Intro: o Popular Music came to a fork: one built on blues and jazz led to rock. The other increasingly conservative pop became the music rock would react against 2. The Roots of Rock: o Muddy Waters: "the blues had a baby, and they called it rock and roll" o Rock would gain power through a deeper infusion of blues 3. The Sounds of Blues: 1929 - 1945 o Barely blue pop songs and up-tempo blues of syncopated dance orchestra went out of fashion. o Bessie smith, like others, ended career during depression due to lost support o Country Blues came back in the later part of the twenties Blind Lemon Jefferson was the first major country blues singer to record o New styles emerged: hokum and boogie-woogie, both blues styles with a strong beat o Country Blues: Flourished in rural settings throughout the south Blind Lemon Jefferson & Huddie Ledbetter came from Texas, Blind Willie McTell came from Georgia The spiritual center of Blues was and still is Mississippi Delta Region just south of Memphis Home to Robert Johnson and Muddy Waters Robert Johnson: 1911-1938: most compelling personality in the history of the blues. Unsurpassed musical genius coupled with a "live hard, die young" life His music communicates on an elemental level Lyrics tell us the message but his delivery helps us feel the emotion "Come on in my kitchen": guitar line matches notes of sung melody closely - example of blues style heterophony and also parallels the inflection of his voice. Uses a vibrato: slight oscillations in the pitch Shuffle Rhythm: divides each beat into two parts: the first part is twice as long as the second Rock Connections: Music that’s real. Blues elements: free rhythm, intense inflection of voice and instrument, rough voice, edge to guitar sound. Lazy shuffle rhythm. Static harmony: one chord. o Hokum: Blues novelty style that was popular between the two world wars.
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These songs showed an entirely different side of the blues: upbeat, salacious, good-humored, light-hearted "Its tight like that" - 1928 - early example of verse/refrain-type blues form Rock Connections: up tempo blues, good humored lyric with sexual innuendo, verse/chorus blues form o Boogie-Woogie: Idiomatic blues piano style that emerged in twenties north of the Delta: Chicago, St. Louis, Memphis, and New Orleans "Pine Tops Boogie-Woogie" - 1928 - strong four-beat rhythm and melody constructed by repeating a riff. Shuffle Rhythm. Rock Connections: shuffle rhythm in boogie-woogie left hand
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MUS 354 History of Rock Chapter 3 - Intro: Popular Music...

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