MUS 354 History of Rock Chapter 4

MUS 354 History of Rock Chapter 4 - The Emergence of Rhythm...

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1. The Emergence of Rhythm and Blues: o Took of after the war ended. o Commercial success due to four factors: economic and social empowerment of blacks, media revolution that introduced new recording formats and redefined the role of radio, the growing interest of whites in black music, and the crossover appeal of the music itself. o Black Social and Economic Issues in the Fifties: Central issue was equality o Media Revolution: Emergence of commercial television and development of new record formats triggered revolution. Television and Radio: TV took over as the primary source of all- purpose entertainment while radio redefined itself as a medium and began airing recorded music - mostly pop. Disc Jockeys: DJ's hosted radio shows and often chose the music to air. Record Formats: Shellac 78 rpm delivered 3 minutes per side on 10 inch discs and 4 minutes on 12 inch discs 1948 - Columbia Records issued LP records (33 rpm) - vinyl discs held over 30minutes and didn’t break if you drop them. 1949 - RCA issued 7 inch 45 rpm singles and held 3 minutes, also vinyl. My bid fifties the 45 rpm replaced the 78 rpm and targeted them toward teens Indies: Focused on music outside the pop mainstream Aristocrat Records: Muddy Waters, Chuck Berry o Crossover Appeal: 1963 - 1965: Billboard discontinued R&B chart because it was virtually the same as the Pop Chart o The Range of Rhythm and Blues: Important developments in fifties: Up-tempo good-time blues styles with a strong beat and/or backbeat Electric blues, a transformation of country blues through the use of amplified guitar and the addition of a rhythm section The introduction of gospel vocal styles into pop singing and a gospel- type approach to popular song. The incorporation of Latin rhythms and instruments 2. Heavy Rhythms: Big Beat Rhythm and Blues:
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o The Rhythms of Up-Tempo Rhythm and Blues: The Backbeat: Latter part of forties and fifties backbeat came in with a vengeance. Majority of up-tempo R&B recordings had strong backbeat played on drums and often reinforced with handclap. Shuffle Rhythm: long/short division of the beat moves into the rhythm
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MUS 354 History of Rock Chapter 4 - The Emergence of Rhythm...

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