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MUS 354 History of Rock Chapter 5

MUS 354 History of Rock Chapter 5 - • • • • Intro...

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Intro: 1986 Rock hall of fame inductees: Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Sam Cooke, Fats Domino, the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis, Elvis and Little Richard. Become eligible 25 years after first record release. Selection Criteria: The Beginnings of Rock and Roll Alan Freed: Attached term "rock and roll" to a musical style Early and influential advocate of R&B Refused to play white covers of R&B hits "Rock and Roll" became a code word among whites to mean R&B in 1951 Moondog Coronation Ball: 1952- integrated tour, 25,000 people in audiences 1954 - moved to New York - rockabilly took shape (more significant white reinterpretation of R&B) Rockabilly: Carl Perkins: truest rockabilly star State of mind and body Music of liberation for southern white men Capital of rockabilly = Memphis 706 Union Avenue (Sam Phillips's Sun Records storefront) Bill Haley and Rockabilly: "Rock Around the Clock" - 1954: first big rockabilly hit. Shuffle beat, faster tempo, more subtle beat keeping. Less aggressive sound: vocal style is not as rough, instruments play in a higher register. 12 bar blues. First four bars function as verse and last eight as the refrain. Key Features: light-hearted lyrics and music, blues form with built in refrain. Elvis, Sam Phillips, and Rockabilly Elvis: 1953 - recorded demo at Sam's recording service. Said to be white man with negro feel. "Mystery Train" - 1955: fast tempo with modified two beat rhythm, drums maintain a light fast rhythm very much in the background. Elvis's soulful singing and unique sound.
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