MUS 354 History of Rock Chapter 6

MUS 354 History of Rock Chapter 6 - Pop, Rock, and Rhythm...

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1. Pop, Rock, and Rhythm and Blues in the Early Sixties: o Buddy Holly's death (2/3/1959) marked death of rock and roll and The Beatles on Ed Sullivan's show (2/9/1964) marked birth of rock o Pop Versus Rock and Rhythm and Blues Young pop singers: Johnny Mathis, Connie Francis, Bobby Vinton, Bobby Darin Bandleaders: Percy Faith, Lawrence Welk Topped charts. Charts were foreign territory for rock acts except Elvis and Ray Charles Many developments that would reshape popular music were blips on the radar screen Liverpool, London, Hamburg, California beaches, 2845 West Grand Boulevard in Detroit, Brill Building and Greenwich Village cafes, garages across USA most notably Portland, Oregon o The Integration of Popular Music: November 30, 1963: Billboard suspended R&B charts because it was too similar to pop chart Female singers, writers, and producers began emerging: Shirelles and Ronettes, Mary Wells, Martha and the Vandellas, Carole King, Cynthia Weil, Deborah Chessler 2. Twisting the Night Away: o "The Twist" - Chubby Checker: 1960. Two time hit, brought parents and teens together on dance floor. Dancing the twist and other dance sensations became the "in" thing to do. Standard fifties R&B instrumentation, straightforward blues in lyrics and form yet has a persistent rock rhythm being pounded on drums and piano Timing of song was impeccable to impact rock Success partly due to DJ's influence Twist was most popular and least athletic dance fad in sixties Key Features: R&B instrumentation: lead and backup vocals, saxophone, rhythm section with acoustic bass, drums, and piano most prominent. Conventional blues form in lyrics and harmony. Strong, basic rock beat: beat, backbeat, and rock rhythm in drums; piano chords reinforce rock rhythm. 3. Girl Groups, Young Songwriters, and Celebrity Producers: o Girl groups are continuation of doo-wop with several differences: Vocal group is exclusively female, not completely or mostly male Race is not a factor in the message of the words or music
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Songs, written mainly by young white songwriters, belong to the rock era. The musical weight is more in the production than in the vocals. o Gender and Race: Three things made rock girl groups different than pop girl groups: they sang rock era songs, were not family, and were black Both races typically sang about love Questions asked and stories told in their songs were universal Opened the door for interracial relationships White male/black female was least controversial unless it involved marriage Black male/white female relationships usually ended with man getting lynched
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MUS 354 History of Rock Chapter 6 - Pop, Rock, and Rhythm...

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