quiz 4 review - Chapter 8 Athena Zeus swallows Metis after...

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Chapter 8 Athena Zeus swallows Metis after impregnating her. Athena springs from Zeus’ head full grown and in armor. Athena remained a virgin. She is associated with the owl and the snake. She usually presents herself with a helmet, spear, and shield or aegis that had a picture of the head of Medusa (a Gorgon) on it. Nike (“victory”) usually with Athena. Athena and Poseidon have a contest to rule Athens and Athena wins by touching her spear to the ground and producing an Olive tree. The Panathenaea was a yearly celebration for Athena’s birthday. The Parthenon is the temple of Athena; on the East pediment was the birth of Athena and horses of Helius (sun) and Selene (moon), on the West pediment was the contest between Athena and Poseidon. The Doric freeze depicts the Lapiths and the Centuars; the sack of Troy; the Gigantomachy; and the battle between the Greeks and the Amazons. The Ionic freeze renders the Panatheniac Procession. The Athena Parthenos is the statue of Athena, the surface made of gold and ivory, she held Nike, wore her helmet and her spear and shield lay at her side. Athena often called Pallas Athena, designates her virginity. Athena invents the flute and threw it away because it distorted her cheeks when she played it. Satyr Marsyas finds it and becomes good and challenges Apollo in a musical contest. Athena challenges Arachne to a spinning contest and she is mad because Arachne’s is so good Athena can’t find anything wrong with it. Athena turns Arachne into a spider, after Arachne strangles herself with a noose, and that’s why they weave webs today. Chapter 9 Aphrodite and Eros Aphrodite was born from the sea after Uranus’ genitals were cast into the sea. Aphrodite Urania came to be characterized as the goddess of pure love (not just physical, but soul too). Aphrodite Pandemos (“Aphrodite of the people” or “common Aphrodite”) was daughter of Zeus and Dione, she was known as a goddess of sex and procreation of children, all about sex, not soul. Aphrodite was the captivating goddess of beauty, love, and marriage and her power was very great. The
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2009 for the course CLS 215 taught by Professor Sanning during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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quiz 4 review - Chapter 8 Athena Zeus swallows Metis after...

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