ntrreviewsheet2-1 - Id sReview Sheet for NTR 315 Exam 2...

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Id sReview Sheet for NTR 315 Exam 2 Infant Nutrition 1. What are the kilocalorie / protein / fat (%) recommendations for a full-term, healthy infant (per kilogram (kg) body weight)? Energy: 100kcal/kg Protein: 2.0g/kg Fat: 50% of total kilocalories 2. Based on recommended kilocalories for an infant, what is the approximate daily kilocalorie needs of 4 month old infant who weighs 10 pounds? (2.2 pounds = 1 kilogram): 450 kilocalories 3. What are the advantages of breast milk compared to formula? 0% whey 40% casein protein in breast milk making the protein in breast milk being very digestible for the infant (more than formula) creating softer curds for the child. Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA) and Arachidonic Acid (ARA) are not always found in formula where they are always found in a mothers breast milk. there is more lactose present which is essential for brain development (carbs & lipids) 4. Which formula(s) is (are) appropriate for the following conditions? Why? Lactose intolerance: cannot breastfeed because infants lack the proper enzymes to break down the lactose in breast milk, must use lactose-free formula (term infant formula without lactose), ex. Enfamil Lacto-free, Similac Lactose Free. Lactose intolerance: Lactose-free formulas – term infant formula without lactose. These formulas are designed for babies who are lactose intolerant (which is very rare). Examples: Enfamil Lacto-free, Similac Lactose free. Milk allergy: Soy formula, the protein is a soy protein. Also given to infants with galactosemia (lack of enzyme to break down galactose, found in lactose), ex. Isomil, Prosobee, Isomil DF. Soy formulas – have succhrose instead of lactose. Protein is soy protein (from soy beans). Designed for babies with milk protein allergies (including breast or cow milk). Also given to infants with galactosemia (lactose builds up in blood, causes problems). Examples: Isomil, Prosobee, Isomil DF. Feeding intolerance: Protein Hydrolysates (broken down protein) Formula, infants cannot tolerate whole proteins. Protein is broken down into pieces but it is not the best formula for bone growth of the premature infant. Ex. Alimentum, Nutramigen, Pregestimil. Protein Hydrolysates (broken down
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protein). Designed for infants that cannot tolerate whole protein (show signs of feeding intolerance). Protein is broken down into pieces (smaller chains of peptides). Not the best formula for bone growth of the premature infant. Examples: Alimentum, Nutramigen, Pregestimil. Prematurity: Premature formula designed to meet the needs of a premature infant. Contains additional minerals, protein, and vitamins. Only used the hospital (not for use in the home). Ex. Special Care, Premature Enfamil. 1). Premature formula. Designed to meet the needs of premature infants (needs are
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ntrreviewsheet2-1 - Id sReview Sheet for NTR 315 Exam 2...

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