Agriculture Race and Law 5

Agriculture Race and Law 5 - Agriculture Race and Law I....

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Agriculture Race and Law I. Tokugawa Bakufu a. The fall of the Samurai b. Commodore Perry II. The Hawaiian Kingdom a. The Kapu System b. The Mahele III. The rise of the sugar plantation economies in Hawaii a. The Big Five b. Divide n Rule Keywords: Tokugawa Bakufu, The Kapu System and The Mahele Before Tokugawa, was Sengoku (Country at War) 1300s-1500s. Shoguns or military governors controlled. Socio-Economic Hierarchy of Japan Samurai Peasants Artisans Merchants (traders) Burakumin (butcher, took care of trash) Three main islands: Kyushu, Shikoku, Honshu and Shoguns tried to unite Japan. Tokugawa Ieyasu established Bakufu (tent government) from 1600-1867. Two things: Controlled internal efforts for power Created political unity for the 1 st time in Japan. By 1600, the Tokugawa government knew about European empire building all over the world. They knew about the Manila Galleon trade route, trade, etc. Thus, the Tokugawa Bakufu didn’t want Japan to be colonized by Europe. They created various edicts to restrict the entry of Europeans into Japan and to hinder Japanese migration. The only exception to his policies occurred in Nagasaki because the Japanese allowed Chinese and Dutch to trade with their merchants. Tent government operated by shoguns and samurai, who followed the Bushido (way of warrior). In times of war and conflict, the samurai gained their power through conflict. Their loyalty to their master was so strong that any embarrassment or loss, they would commit seppuku. The samurai as a high social classes thus became powerful through acts of warfare and conquest. What happens to the samurai when the Tokugawa regime takes over? 47 Ronin. Master dies and samurai become domesticated, administrators or scholars. Peace from Tokugawa undermines the power and authority of the Bushido code.
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As the samurai lost its power and position in Japanese society, the merchant and peasant class rose. The merchants were traditionally considered immoral and samurai didn’t appreciate the fact that they were gaining power. Merchants rising to power undermined the bushido, the samurai authority and they strated to undermine the tokugawa government. By mid-1800 the Tokugawa lost most of its power: Matthew C. Perry. A US Naval commander who in 1853 sailed into Tokyo bay and turned his battleship guns to the capital and demanded that the shogun open Japan to diplomacy and trade. The Shogun with no alternative complies with Perry. Japan opens its ports to Britains, Netherlands and Russia. Japan + US formed the Treaty of Kanagawa. Treaty provides harbors for US in Japan and opens the diplomatic office. As a result the
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2009 for the course ASIAN AM 121030200 taught by Professor Camacho during the Winter '09 term at UCLA.

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Agriculture Race and Law 5 - Agriculture Race and Law I....

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