Review for Survey Test 3 3

Review for Survey Test 3 3 - Review for Survey TEST #3...

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Review for Survey TEST #3 English Restoration Oliver Cromwell Charles I- succeeded James I in 1625 Charles II- fled to Paris to the court of Louis XIV Women on the Stage?? Puritan Parliament - took over British Parliament/opposed to theater (thought it spread immorality through lascivious behavior in plays) Comedies of Manners Poke fun at the social conventions of the upper classes They satirize the preoccupation of the upper classes with Reputation Stage Beauty Film Excerpt Ned Kynaston - One of the last Restoration “boy players”—young males to play a woman Charles II - Attended Stage Beauty which started late bc Kynaston hadn’t shaven yet French Court Influence Indoor, Private, Court, Proscenium Arch Theaters Louis XIV Nell Gwynn Mariah (Mrs. Hughes) Alternate scenes from Othello that depict the changes in acting style while men still played women’s roles, and after Charles II said no more men playing women on the stage The Country Wife William Wycherly – See Book Summary English Restoration Theater Biggest change was the appearance of women on stage Breeches Roles - “slutty” (harlequins) She Would If She Could Restoration Acting Companies Sharing Plan? Benefit Performances - extra performances held to help increase performers wages
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Theatrical Entrepreneurship - performers became part owners of theater buildings/companies Charles II Patents Granting Monopoly on Theater Licensing Act - 1737 passed by Parliament (Only the Drury Lane and Covent Garden were allowed to produce plays under this act) Proscenium Arch Theaters in England French Renaissance Moliere Jean Baptiste Poquelin Louis XIV Permission of the King to Perform? Permission to settle in Paris/ use of Petit Bourbon Why was French Renaissance so late? Influences on French Theatre? Moliere’s Tartuffe A play in which the title character is exposed as a religious hypocrite—caused a huge stir and was banned from court until Moliere had twice rewritten it. Commedia Influences on Moliere’s writing Sganarelle, or the Imaginary Cuckold Tartuffe Plot/Characters? Orgon —a man of property who is duped by the false piety of the imposter Tartuffe Orgon forces his daughter to reject her fiancé and marry Tartuffe, disinherits his son, and makes Tartuffe his heir, gives his property to Tartuffe, and the plan backfires and Tartuffe threatens to take Orgon’s home away. Orgon goes to King’s court and Tartuffe returns Orgon’s estate (Orgon’s wife=Elmire) Official Reaction to play??????????????????? Deus ex Machina - god from the machines Religious Hypocrisy – theme Moliere’s Legacy Moliere gave comedy true respectability Moliere used Commedia characters and scenarios in full-length comedies Moleire created subtle nuances in the art form of comedy that was typically loud, broad and indelicate
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Moliere’s comedies could be polite Moliere created social satire that allowed the audience to laugh at itself while being admonished ___________________________________________________________________ French Theaters
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2009 for the course THEA 101 taught by Professor Ketchum during the Spring '09 term at TCU.

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Review for Survey Test 3 3 - Review for Survey TEST #3...

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