Study guide exam 2 - Music Appreciation Exam 2 Terms Baroque the arts generally during the period 1600 1750 Basso Continuo a small ensemble of at least

Study guide exam 2 - Music Appreciation Exam 2 Terms...

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Music Appreciation Exam 2 Terms Baroque - the arts generally during the period 1600- 1750 Basso Continuo - a small ensemble of at least two instrumentalists who provide a foundation for the melody(ies) above; one plays chords, other plays bass line Terraced dynamics - loud and suddenly soft; dramatic volume changes Opera - a dramatic work in which the actors sing some or all of their parts; it usually makes use of elaborate stage sets and costumes; sung drama Libretto - the text of an opera Recitative - “action” portions; no meter; basso continuo (no orchestra); rhythm of music follows text (dialogue) Aria - “emotion” portions, meter, orchestra, FORM; elaborate lyrical song for solo voice Arioso - meter; “emotion”; some orchestra plus basso continuo; more melodie; style of singing between and aria and recitative Cantata - a term originally meaning “something sung”; in its mature state, it consists of several movements, including one or more arias, ariosos, and recitatives; can be on secular subjects and intended for private performance or on religious subjects such as those of Bach for the German Lutheran church; mmw for orchestra, singers, chorus, and basso continuo Ostinato - a musical figure, motive, melody, harmony, or rhythm that is repeated again and again Concerto - an instrumental genre in which one or more soloists play with and against a larger orchestra; multi movement work for orchestra and soloist(s) Tutti - the full orchestra or performing force
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Ritornello form - (return or refrain) a short musical passage in a Baroque concerto grosso invariably played by the tutti Melodic sequence - segment of melody that repeats at a higher or lower pitch at least twice Dance suite - a collection of instrumental dances, each with its own distinctive rhythm and character; mmw for orchestra, basso continuo; series of dances Pianoforte - the original name for the piano Vienna - was the capital of the old Holy Roman Empire; Vienna attracted musicians; the careers of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven culminated in Vienna, Austria Esterhazy family - richest and most influential among the German-speaking aristocrats of Hungary, with extensive landholdings and a passionate interest in music Serenade - an instrumental work for a small ensemble originally intended as a light entertainment in the evening; mmw for single family of instruments Coda (tail) - a final and concluding section of a musical composition Symphony - a genre of instrumental music for orchestra consisting of several movements; also, the orchestral ensemble that plays this genre String quartet - a standard instrumental ensemble for chamber music consisting of a single first and second violin, a viola, and a cello; also, the genre of music, usually in three or four movements, composed for this ensemble Overture - music played before open curtain of an opera, play, musical, etc before Act 1 begins Movement - independent section of a larger composition Sequence - segment of melody that repeats at a higher or lower pitch at least twice Solo concerto - only one soloist
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Concerto grosso
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  • Spring '08
  • Oneill,P
  • Music, Mozart, Baroque music, basso continuo, Haydn Symphony

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