study guide psyc437-1

study guide psyc437-1 - EXTREMELY Important to Know Details...

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EXTREMELY Important to Know Details and application of Urie Brofenbrenner's Ecological Theory The Family Context Important to Know Factors underlying conflict in families with adolescents Typical argument sources: curfews, leisure time, clothing, cleanliness of room, time spent on homework, etc not as bad as we think! Self-fulfilling Prophecy: expectation of conflict with adolescents parents act in ways to make it happen MYTH: generation gap (adolescents and adults hold different values) is a source of problems btw parents and teens o In actuality, teens and parents hold similar beliefs about hard work and ambitions (since parents raised them) Parents view many issues as matters of right and wrong, while adolescents view issues more as matters of personal choice (“You may not like black lipstick, but I do.”) Adolescents more likely to accept parents rules in terms of morality (ie: whether it’s right to cheat on a test) and safety Less likely to accept rules when they view issue as Personal Choice (ie: If I do everything you ask me to and bring home good grades, why is it wrong for me to stay out late with my friends?”) Changes in economic circumstances and relation to adolescent social institutions (ie: many families go through financial strains during children’s adolescent years, at the same time when teens are pressured to have cell phones, MP3s, Blackberry’s, etc) Parents “sandwich generation”—meeting financial demands of aging parents and adolescent children Adolescent’s fight for autonomy adolescents may try to play a more forceful role but parents may not be ready to accept it yet Teens brains can be more sensitive, maybe even overreactive, to emotional signals transcended from others (ie: parents may attempt to emit serious but loving tone but children read it as anger) Differences in expectations btw parents and adolescents Parents and the "mid life crisis" While adolescents are physically, mentally, and sexually growing and becoming more attractive, parents physical appearances and sexual appeal seems to age Adolescence is a time when children begin to think about possibilities and the future, while parents in mid-age may feel like the possibilities for their lives are becoming limited While the future for adolescents seems limitless, parents reach “occupational plateau” —the point where they become aware of how successful they’re likely to be, and dealing with the gap between this and their early aspirations
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Realizing that their kids are growing up and fighting for more autonomy means that parents may feel less and less needed Adjusting to adolescence usually has more negative effects on parents’ mental health than adolescents’ Parenting styles (e.g., Baumrind's typology) Baumrind: degree of 1) Parental Responsiveness (how much they respond 2 children’s needs in accepting/supportive manner) and 2) Parental Demandingness
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2009 for the course PSYC 338 taught by Professor Lindsey during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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study guide psyc437-1 - EXTREMELY Important to Know Details...

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