psyc359- Test 1 Study Guide

psyc359- Test 1 Study Guide - PSYC 359 Test 1 Study Guide...

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PSYC 359 – Test 1 Study Guide CHAPTER 1 1. Describe the nature of intimate relationships and identify the six ways they typically differ from relationships that are more casual. 2. Discuss the need to belong including: What is it? What evidence supports its evolution? Can we explain our need for intimacy in a similar fashion? 3. Specify ways relationships changed between the 1960s and the beginning of the 21 st century and identify the cultural forces that contributed to these changes. 4. Identify different attachment styles, including how childhood experiences contribute to them and how malleable they are as we grow older. 5. Discriminate between sex differences and gender differences and reflect on the average size of these differences. 6. Reflect on androgyny and know its relationship to masculinity/femininity or expressiveness/instrumentality. 7. Articulate how the Big Five personality attributes and concepts of self (including the self-enhancement and self-consistency motives) link to our relationships. 8. Understand why homosexuality is not a major theme in the text. 9. Spell out three assumptions evolutionary psychologists have as part of their perspective on relationships and apply this perspective to the concept of self-esteem. 10. Comment on whether relationships are the sum of their parts or unique processes and properties that result from interactions that comprise two people. 11. Appreciate the risks we face in relationships and why we take them. CHAPTER 2 1. Clearly explain why no research study is perfect. 2. Give a concise history of the study of relationships including Aristotle’s views on types of relationships, the establishment of the modern study of relationships at the end the 19 th century, the emphasis on laboratory experiments in the 1960s, and how the nature of relationship research has evolved since the 1960s. 3. Delineate three sources and two types of research questions.
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4. Contrast convenience to representative sampling and discuss how volunteer bias can detrimentally affect both. 5. Depict three different designs (correlational, experimental, and developmental including cross-sectional, longitudinal, and retrospective) for answering questions about relationships, including the important information each design can contribute as well as each design’s imperfections. 6. Distinguish between laboratory and natural, everyday environments and structured environments and unstructured environments. Give the pros and cons of each, and discuss the study of “real” versus “as if” behavior. 7. Describe five different types of data (self-reports, observations, physiological measures, archival data, and couples’ reports), noting advantages and disadvantages (or inherent problems) of various techniques. Know when self-report is most accurate and the forms that observational data make take (narrative, global ratings, coding and sequential observations).
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