Test 2 Study Guide-1 (first half)

Test 2 Study Guide-1 (first half) - Learning Objectives and...

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Learning Objectives and Study Guide for Test 2 At the conclusion of Chapter 7, students should be able to: 1. Define friendship, noting its affective, communal, and sociable aspects. Differentiate friendship from love using the five components of rewarding intimacy (respect, trust, responsiveness, capitalization, and social support) with special attention to the complexity of social support in close relationships. Friendship: a voluntary, personal relationship, typically providig intimacy and assistance in which the two parties like one another and seek e/o's company o affective- sharing of personal thoughts, feelings, and offering support o communal- taking part in common activities o sociable- sources of fun, amusement, fun Friendship vs. Love: friendships entail fewer obligations and usually less emotionally intense and exclusive than romantic relationships o Respect: we respect our friends and romantic partners when we find commendable moral qualities, consideration and acceptance of others, honesty, willingness to listen o Trust: increases willingness to invest in a relationship, and allows ppl to be relaxed in friendships o Responsiveness: supportive recognition of our needs and interests powerfully rewarding; promotes intimacy and trust o Capitalization: romantic partners and friends tend to genuinely delight in our good fortunes by enhancing our happiness while unclose ppl tend to be less interested (ie: if you tell your friends that you’re getting married vs. a random stranger, your friends are going to react much more strongly to the news) o Complexity of Social Support: perceived support is usually more of how satisfied we are with a partner than how much support they actually provide us; Our judgments of the level of support we receive from another is “likely to possess both a kernel of truth and a shell of motivated elaboration.” Friendship differs from love 2. Identify the rules of friendship and reflect on how likely we are to follow them and whether they are linked to relationship success. The Rules of Friendship: shared cultural beliefs about what behaviors friends should (or should not) perform Studies show that most people follow rules 50% of the time
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The more we follow these rules for a particular relationship, the more satisfied we are 3. Highlight a few aspects of infants’ relationships. Humans appear to be social animals virtually from birth (ie: 2 mths babies smile spontaneously at human faces and if they respond, makes happy noises) Capable of simple complementary and reciprocal interactions after 1 yrs old Preschool years- children start labeling playmates as friends 4. Describe Selman’s model of friendship development and identify the stages of Buhrmester and Furman’s socioemotional framework. Know the perspective-taking capacity associated with Selman’s model and understand whether the key concepts of this cognitive model complement clash with Buhrmester and Furman’s model. Selman’s model of friendship development:
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Test 2 Study Guide-1 (first half) - Learning Objectives and...

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