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2. Assess the social and economic causes of the Chinese Civil War. Economic Causes:Opium Wars:Britain established opium trades with China, forced them to buy opium, people of Chinagot addicted to the drug China began to outlaw opium, burned down British warehouses, the British then attacked They defeat China Strong Effect on British ImperialismThis lead to the "Unequal Treaties"Europe got control over all of China's ports This then led to people's hatred for the Manchus Dynasty Led to Taiping Rebellion Instabilities of the Chinese government which led to long term condition of the CCW andMao's ruleSocial Causes:Boxer Rebellion - 1900:This was a party's response to the weakness of the Manchus Dynasty This group of people were trained in martial arts & boxing- consisted of a lot of rebels They hated Chinese people who converted to Christianity - called them "Foreign Devils" They would destroy Christian churches & help Europeans captive The harsh methods that were used to end this rebellion made the Chinese hate theEuropeans more This rebellion led to the hatred for the "foreign imperialists" in the CCW Exposed more weaknesses of the Manchus Dynasty, couldn't maintain peace within itsown borders Revolution of 1911:The goal of the Chinese Revolution of 1911 was the revival of national power and the establishment of a democratic form of government. Yet, this revolution inaugurated a long period of internal chaos and foreign interference, which ended only in 1949. Sun Yat-sen one of the leaders of the Revolution
He wanted to eliminate the Manchus and Monarchy Wuchang Rebellion starts in 1911, he joins the rebellion and helps it spread He does not want to start a Civil War so he steps away from his position Yaun Shikai begins to rule China as a dictator Dies in 1916 Led to rise of Mao & conditions for the Chinese Civil WarChinese Civil War Test Part 1 Causes:Explain two major political causes of the Chinese Civil War:One political cause would be the Boxer Rebellion of 1900. During this Rebellion, therewas a group of people formed who specialized in martial arts and boxing. They werecompletely against any Chinese person who converted to Christianity and any otherforeign people. They began to capture and kill these people, which led to riots in thestreets and ended with the Boxers being crucified in the middle of the street, for all thecivilians to see. Another political cause was the Opium Wars between China and theWestern countries. They began selling opium to China and getting the people addicted tothis. Problems then arose which led to the creation of the Unequal Treaties which thatgave Europe control over Chinese ports and trading. China then began losing a lot of landa supplies, which led to the start of the war as they were trying to regain their ports fromthe Western countries.