Chapter 13.docx

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Relics were housed in ornamental containers known as reliquaries. Churches used relics to attract Christian pilgrims . The cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is located in Spain . Romanesque style is distinctive for its return to stone as a primary building material. In Gothic cathedrals, who frequently served as the principal intercessor between God and Christians? The Virgin Mary The walkway that was formed by extending the side aisles around the transept and behind the apse was known as the ambulatory . Radiating chapels were typically located at which end of a church? Eastern The horizontal band below the tympanum is referred to as the lintel What frames the tympanum and hold roundels that often depict the signs of the zodiac? Archivolts As they passed through the west portal of many Romanesque churches, Christians were reminded of the inevitability of sin, death, and judgment. Where did Gothic style originate? Northern France Many Gothic churches were dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Unlike a Romanesque church, which was typically a rural retreat for monastics and pilgrims, a gothic cathedral was in focus of an entire community. Northern France is the birthplace of the Gothic style The first Gothic church was Saint-Denis, a monastic church near Paris. Which were used in the redesign of Saint-Denis, showing the early signs of the Gothic style? a. Pointed arch b. Rib vault c. Stained glass windows Which of the Following allowed Gothic cathedrals to soar higher than their Romanesque counterparts?
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