Gilded Age Constitutionalism

Gilded Age Constitutionalism - Gilded Age Constitutionalism...

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Unformatted text preview: Gilded Age Constitutionalism Top 1% had all the money, and all the companies - most workers had no job security and were VERY poor - Difficult to view wage labor as a temporary stopping point to economic independence - Had technology that changed peoples lives o Telephone Created the concept of a consumer Consuming is a status of ur class o Phonograph - With t e c h n olo gic al a d v a n c e m e n t s t h e law m u s t al s o c h a n g e - Peo pl e did n't s e e w a g e la b or a s a g a t e w a y t o e c o n o mic in d e p e n d e n c e , p e o pl e w h o b e c a m e w a g e la b or er s u s u ally s t a y e d w a g e la b or er s Debates during the Gilded Age a s US m a t ur e d into ind u s tri al e c o n o m y t h e "la b or q u e s a tion" bro a d n a tio n wid e dis c u s sio n of "w a g e sl a v e ry" H a d w ork er s los t t h e rig h t s t o t h e fruits of t h eir la b or? Ot h e r s vi e w e d e x p a n sio n of pr o d u c tiv e c a p a city a s in e vit a bl e n a t u r al a n d jus tifie d Laissez- Faire Debates -debate about liberty that extends back to Charles River Bridge and Dartmouth - classical economics= a broad definition of property rights including ones labor - definition of liberty that made all government regulation suspect. - any government attempt to interfere with bargaining processes affected property. It changed its value ( for the exam question talk about liberty and contract and what it means) - limitin g w h a t yo u c a n p a y u r w ork er s is viola tio n of d u e pro c e s s - limitin g w h a t yo u c a n b e p ai d is a viola tio n o d d u e pro c e s s o if yo u w a n n a w ork for le s s t h e n t h e mi ni m u m w a g e u c a n t! Class Legislation = BAD TO Lazzie Faire's Usin g t h e p o w e r of g o v er n m e n t fr t h e b ei efit of a p a r tic ul ar gr o u p a t t h e e x p e n s e of t h e r e s of s o ci e ty Mad e g o v er n m e n t t h e m e a n s of t h eft t h e dir e c t a n tit h eis of t h e le giti m a t e p u r p o s e of g o v er n m e n t w hic h w a s t o off er pro t e c tio n a g ai n s t s u c h wro n g s. Main Critiques by populists - Leg al s y s t e m pl a c e d t o o m u c h e m p h a sis o n pro p e r ty rig h t s m o n o p oli e s w er e a n e c o n o mic a n d s o ci al e vil Lais s e x-fair e w a s a b a n kr u p t id e olo gy Ind u s tri al s o ci e t y h a d t ur n e d individ u als int o e c o n o mic c o m m o diti e s We alt h w a s e v e nly dis trib u t e d Munn v. Illinois Illinois Legisl a t ur e fixe d r a t e s for g r ain w ar e h o u s e s in citi e s of 1 0 0 , 0 0 0 of m or e p e o pl e Law ai m e d a t a m o n o p oly of 9 el e v a t or c o m p a ni e s in Chic a g o Mun n w a s c h ar g e d w/tr a n s a c tin g t h e b u s e s s of a p u blic w ar e h o u s e m a n w/ p a lic e n s e Also ov erc h ar g e d a g ai n s t s e t r a t e s Mun n s a y s t h er e is le gisl a tio n viola tin g his d u e pro c e s s b e c a u s e t h e y a r e limitin g his w a g e s "Prop e r ty d o e s b e c o m e clot h e d wit h a p u blic int er e s t w h e n u s e d in a m a n n e r t o... aff e c t t h e c o m m u nity a t larg e. Wh e n, t h er efor e o n e d e v o t e s his pro p e r t y t o a u s e in w hic h t h e p u blic h a s a n int er e s t, h e... m u s t s u b mit t o b e c o n trolle d b y t h e p u blic for t h e c o m m o n g o o d." o i. e. it is wit hin t h e p olic e p o w e r for Illinois le gisl a t or t o r e g ul a t e g r ai n b e c a u s e e v e r y o n e e a t s gr ai n t h er e for its p a r t of t h e p u blic o pinio n. Field Dis s e n t e d o Du e pr oc e s s o a n d r e g ul a tio n of r a t e s b e c o m e s s o ci alis m - Sherman Anti- Trust Act( 1890) S e c 1- Ev ery c o n tr a c t, c o m bi n a tio n in t h e for m of tr u s t or o t h e r wis e, o r c o n s pir a cy, in r e s tr ain t of tr a d e or c o m m e r c e a m o n g t h e s e v e r al s t a t e s , o r wit h for eig n n a tio n s , is d e c a r e d t o b e ille g al. S e c. 2- Ev ery p e r s o n w h o s h all m o n o p oliz e or a t t e m p t t o m o n o p oliz e o r c o m bi n e or c o n s pir e wit h a n y o t h e r p e r s o n or p e r s o n s t o m o n o p oliz e a n y a p r t of tr a d e or c o m m e r c e s h all b e d e e m e d g uilty of a felo ny. E.C.Knight v. US (1895 ) - 90% of all sugar sold in the U.S would be refined by a single company. - Government argued that litimate aim of the stock transfer was to create a monopoly on sugar. - Fuller- The Government had not proven that there was any conspiracy by the refineries to interfere with interstate commerce - not considered a monopoly because they are looking only at the manufacture and its only done in one state so a federal law cant go into one state and bust up the company - ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2009 for the course HIST 382 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

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