poli130notes - Poli 1/28 Sunday 7:27 PM Poli 130 Politics...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Poli 1/28 Sunday, February 08, 2009 7:27 PM Poli 130 1/28/09 Politics in the United Kingdom of GB and Northern Ireland UK is “mother” majoritarian democracy, but is adapting in recent years to make it more consensus UK = Scotland, England, Wales, Jersey, Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland GB = England, Scotland, Wales History 1215-Magna Carta: King is not above the law 1649-1660: Republican experiment under Oliver Cromwell, Charles I ousted 1707-Act of Union between Scotland and England-Wales under James VI (early form of GB) 1801-Inclusion of Ireland UK 1832-Reform Act drastically increases electoral participation by allowing men w/ less property to vote (middle class is enfranchised) 1911-Parliament Act establishes House of Common’s supremacy over House of Lords. David Lloyd George (Liberal Prime Minister) threatens to appoint new Lords to stop hereditary pwer; Lords agree to give up some power 1918-suffrage given to all men over 21 and women over 30 1921-Irish Free State established, 6 counties left in Northern Ireland 1945- Welfare State established after WWII after Churchill loses election, Labour Party takes over on promise of hope for the future. NHS and SS established by William Beveridge’s plan under Atlee’s Labour Government. Somewhat socialist policies adopted much like New Deal in U.S. 1973- Britain joins European Community under Heath after referendum, but remain largely removed and nationalist. They are very mistrustful and hesitant of the rest of Europe 1979-Thatcher elected; 1 st female P.M. Thatcher fights to scale back the welfare state (Conservative, like a British Reagan) 1990- Thatcher forced out and replaced by Major when she lost the support of some of the members of her party. She was forced to resign b/c 150 out of 500 members of parliament did not support her 1997-Tony Blair elected, returning Labour Party to power, enacts numerous social reforms 2001-Reelected in landslide 2005-Reelected again 2007-Steps aside in favour of Gordon Brown to honor a deal that was made back in the 90’s that he has delayed for years. Blair basically only gives up b/c he has lost favor in GB due to War in Iraq
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The UK: Majoritarian or Consensus? 1. Consentration of executive power: One party, bare majority cabinets Major party is overrepresented in parliament; they get a larger % of seats than overall votes Purely Majoritarian 2. Fusion of Power and Cabinet Dominance-One person controls the parliament that controls all the power (Purely Majoritarian) 3. Unicameral Congress: House of Lords and House of Commons used to be equal in power in a bicameral system. House of Lords traded some power to maintain hereditary succession. Lords
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Spring '08
  • Democracy, House of Lords, Conservative Party, Labour Party, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, 1832-Reform Act drastically increases electoral participation by allowing men

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 6

poli130notes - Poli 1/28 Sunday 7:27 PM Poli 130 Politics...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online