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01-16-09 Notes

01-16-09 Notes - Emergence of Democratic State Institutions...

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Society and Politics in Ancient Greece The Role of Greece in “Western” Civilization? Greek Political Innovations: Democracy, Citizenship Rights Human Creation of Politics and Laws, Rationality, Balance The Idea of “Golden Mean” 1. Economic and Social Conditions: Origins of Politics Crete, Minoan Civilization, Mycenae (1500-1200 B.C.E.) “Dark Ages,” Revival of Towns, Phoenicians and Writing Homer and Early Literature (c.750 B.C.E.) Illiad , Odyssey Lydians and Money (Coins), Greek Cities and Colonization Trade vs. Agriculture, Athens and Sparta 2. Political Alternatives: Military Authority and Participation in Polis Sparta: Messenia, Helots, Oligarchy, Ephorate Agriculture, The Militarized State Athens: Solon (c. 594 B.C.E.), Cleisthenes (c. 508 B.C.E.)
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Unformatted text preview: Emergence of Democratic State Institutions Assembly, Council, Citizenship, Board of Generals Pericles (443-429 B.C.E.), Construction Projects Acropolis, Parthenon, Athena, Nike, Agora Women, Slaves, and Foreigners (Metics), Ostracism 3. Warfare: Victory, Defeat, and the Destruction of Politics Persian Wars (490-479 B.C.E.), Greek Victories, Marathon Persian Rulers: Darius, Xerxes Greek Victories: Salamis, Plataea Athenian Imperialism and the Delian League Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.E.), Decline of Athens Syracuse, Philip of Macedonia (338 B.C.E.) The Emergence of Greek Historical Writing Herodotus (484?-425? B.C.E.) Persian Wars Thucydides (471-401 B.C.E.) History of The Peloponnesian War...
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