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01-26-09 Notes - Early Roman Ideal Service in Civic Society...

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Two Mediterranean Cultures: Hellenistic Greece and Republican Rome Rome’s Relation to Greece, Roman Emphasis on Law The Individual’s Relation to Civic Society? Roman Civic Identity 1. Withdrawal from polis (Eastern, Hellenistic Culture) 2. Duties in the Polis (Roman, republican ideal) Rome Conquered the East; The East Conquered Rome? Expansion of Macedonia King Philip II (c. 338 B.C.E.) Alexander the Great (336-323 B.C.E.), Greek Expansion to East Conquest of the Persian Empire Hellenistic Civilization: Fusion of Greek and Eastern Cultures Macedonia, Seleucid Kingdom, Ptolemaic Kingdom Importance of Cities, Alexandria and Hellenistic Culture New Philosophies in the Hellenistic era Diogenes (400-325 B.C.E.), Cynics Epicurus (342-271 B.C.E.): Materialism, Reduce Pain Zeno (335-263 B.C.E.): the Stoics, The Quest for Tranquility Accept what you can’t control, Happiness without politics Early Roman Republic (After 500 B.C.E. and the Etruscans)
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Unformatted text preview: Early Roman Ideal: Service in Civic Society Etruscan Origins of Roman Civilization? Roman Political Institutions Senate, Consuls (Elites), The Assembly of Centuries Assembly of Tribes (Commoners), Creation of Tribunes Plebeians and Patricians, Patriarchal Social Order, Family and the Role of Women Farming and Fighting, Military Conception of Civic Duty Military Expansion in the Three Punic Wars (264-146 B.C.E.) Roman Army Legions, Conquests in Italy before 265 B.C.E. First Punic War (264-241 B.C.E.), Romans defeat Carthage Second Punic War (218-202 B.C.E.), Hannibal at Cannae Scipio in North Africa, Defeat of Carthage, War in Spain Third Punic War (149-146 B.C.E.), Cato, Carthage Destroyed Social Conflicts and the Gap Between Rich and Poor Conquest of Greece and Eastern Mediterranean Contact with Greek Thought: Epicureans Lucretius (98-55 B.C.E.), On The Nature of Things, Withdrawal from Politics?...
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