02-02-09 Notes

02-02-09 Notes - declined (begin hiring German Soldiers and...

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The Long Decline of the Roman Empire Was the decline of Rome Inevitable? All Empires Decline? Cyclical Views of History Why do Historians Study the Decline of Rome? Edward Gibbon The Multiple Levels of Historical Causality Political- political weakness, struggles choosing successor Military- disorganization, loyalty to general over Rome Economic, Cultural- rise of Christianity The Political Evolution of the Empire Chaos after 180 C.E. Death of Marcus Aurelius, The Stoic Emperor – good emperor, duty Breakdown of Orderly Succession- emperors gained power through violence, “Military Politics” Diocletian (284-305), Authoritarian Control of Society – before him empire lacked leadership, saved empire for a couple hundred years Military Model of Government, Division into East/West Co-Emperors in East and West Constantine (324-337), Eastern Center at Constantinople Constantine’s Influence - Christianity The Evolving Military System Changing Army – could no longer defend the empire because: quality of soldiers
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Unformatted text preview: declined (begin hiring German Soldiers and other noncitizens ), Loss of Civic Spirit, became harder to control , created openings for outsiders to come into the empire Invasions from Outside the Empire, Battle of Adrianople (378) sign of western Roman army breaking down Collapse of the Roman Army in the West (410? Sackings of Rome 476?) Dependence on German Soldiers Economic Changes in the late Roman Empire Population Declined, Labor Problem, Reliance on Slaves Stagnation and Decline of Trade, Decline of Cities, Rise of Latifundia Cultural Changes Growing Interest in Other World, Rejection of Politics The Turn Away from Secular Ambitions? Mystery Religions in the Empire, Mithraism, Popularity Among Men and Lower Classes The Cult of Bacchus Neo-Platonism, Elites turn toward Otherworldly Philosophy Importance of Plotinus (205-270), Quest for Spiritual Knowledge The Context for the Spread of Christianity Stoicism, Mystery Religions, Neo-Platonism...
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2009 for the course HIST 151151 taught by Professor Kramer during the Spring '09 term at UNC.

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02-02-09 Notes - declined (begin hiring German Soldiers and...

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