02-18-09 Notes

02-18-09 Notes - Influence of Aristotle: Scholasticism...

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Intellectual Life in the High Middle Ages The Medieval Synthesis: Faith and Reason Optimism and Cultural Confidence in this Synthesis Influence of the Church Church Reforms, Universities, Schools, and Intellectual Life Innocent III (1198-1216): The Power of the Papacy New Monastic Orders: Franciscans and Dominicans St. Francis of Assisi (1181-1226) Institutional Context for New Intellectual Debates Universities Theological Debates Abelard (1079-1142) vs. St. Bernard of Clairvaux (1090-1153) Criticism and Piety, Abelard’s Use of Logic Sic et Non (Yes and No) c. 1122? Heloise (1100-1163) and the View of Women Sinners and Saints? Eve vs. Mary Reputation of Abelard and Heloise St. Bernard’s view of faith: Miracles, Virgin Mary, Dangers of Evil
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Unformatted text preview: Influence of Aristotle: Scholasticism Islamic Philosophers and the Interpretation of Aristotle Averres (1126?-1198) and Aristotle Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) and the Scholastic Method Dialectical Reasoning, Summa Theologiae Influence of Thomas Aquinas: Reconciling Faith and Reason Impact on Early Science? Vernacular Literature: Moving Beyond Latin Student Life and Universities, Memorizing Texts Troubadour Love: Women on pedestals (Mary?) Dante (1265-1321): Exile, Reason and Faith Divine Comedy (1321), Virgil and Beatrice (Mary?) Architecture and the Medieval Synthesis Romanesque and Gothic Cathedrals Cathedrals and Individual Believers Windows, Sculpture, and Selfhood Cathedrals and Urban Pride (Chartres)...
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