The Crisis of the Later Middle Ages New Cycle of European History? (1300-1450), Huizinga’s Thesis Contrasts with Rome? Breakdown of Medieval Synthesis, Overlapping Crises, Challenges to the Medieval Order? Decline of Church Authority Pope Boniface VIII, King Philip IV of France (1285-1314) Avignon Popes, “Babylonian Captivity” (1305-1377) Great Schism (1378-1417), Two Popes, Church Councils Decline of Papal Prestige Warfare 100 Years War (1337-1453), France and England Dynastic Warfare (Fighting for a Throne), Social Disruption New Military Technology: Longbow, Siege Warfare, Cannon British victories at Crécy, Poitiers, and Agincourt Joan of Arc (1412-1431), French Victory, Execution of “Witch” (1431) Economic Depression And Demographic Crisis Agrarian Crisis, Trade Disrupted, Recurring Famines
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2009 for the course HIST 151151 taught by Professor Kramer during the Spring '09 term at UNC.