03-18-09 Notes

03-18-09 Notes - Cosimo de Medici Lorenzo de Medici Decline...

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Politics, State Power, and Conflict in Renaissance Italy The Weakness and Instability of Italian Politics No Unity Among City States The Concern With Political Power Instability Challenges Hierarchical Theories of Power Machiavelli’s Response to the Italian Context Phases of Italian Political History 1. Republics and the Idea of Civic Humanism (1300-1430?) Independent Cities, Emphasis on Law, Civic Participation Leonardo Bruni (1369-1444), The Value of Public Life 2. Despotism and the Role of Mercenaries (1430?-1494) Problems of Internal Social Conflicts “Popolo grosso,” “Popolo minuto,” Political Coups Internal Disruptions and Exile Search for Order and Emergence of New Despots
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Unformatted text preview: Cosimo de Medici, Lorenzo de Medici Decline of Republic in Florence Cesare Borgia, Pope Alexander VI, Papal States Mercenary troops, Condottieri Development of Diplomacy, Ambassadors Decline of Civic Humanism 3. Foreign Invasions/End of Italian Autonomy (1494-1530) Charles VIII of France, French Military Power, François I Ferdinand of Aragon, Charles I of Spain (Charles V) War for Control of Italy, Sack of Rome (1527) Machiavelli (1469-1527) and the Analysis of Political Power Florentine Career, Exile, Link to Medici, The Prince (1513) Role of Power in Human Behavior, Desire for Italian Unity Specific Context and Enduring Legacy of Machiavelli...
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