03-25-09 Notes - The Protestant Reformation Religion and Politics The Nature of Early Modern Conflicts in Europe Northern Europe Declares Independence

03-25-09 Notes - The Protestant Reformation Religion and...

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The Protestant Reformation Religion and Politics, The Nature of Early Modern Conflicts in Europe Northern Europe Declares Independence from Rome The Strands of Sixteenth-Century Protestantism Lutheranism, Calvinism, Social Radicals, Anglicanism Context for the Emergence of Religious Reform Movements Piety vs. Materialism, The Sale of Indulgences Legacy of Earlier Religious Critics: Wycliffe (d. 1384), Hus (d. 1415) Economic Resentments in Northern Europe; land tithes to Rome Political Resentments in Northern Europe; Princes seek more independence 1. Lutheranism Luther (1483-1546); early life and the quest for salvation; Deep Guilt Faith over Works, “95 Theses” in Wittenberg (1517) Rejection of Church Hierarchy, Luther’s Response to Tetzel Diet of Worms, Charles V and the Holy Roman Empire

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