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03-25-09 Notes - Luther’s relation to Political and...

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The Protestant Reformation Religion and Politics, The Nature of Early Modern Conflicts in Europe Northern Europe Declares Independence from Rome The Strands of Sixteenth-Century Protestantism Lutheranism, Calvinism, Social Radicals, Anglicanism Context for the Emergence of Religious Reform Movements Piety vs. Materialism, The Sale of Indulgences Legacy of Earlier Religious Critics: Wycliffe (d. 1384), Hus (d. 1415) Economic Resentments in Northern Europe; land tithes to Rome Political Resentments in Northern Europe; Princes seek more independence 1. Lutheranism Luther (1483-1546); early life and the quest for salvation; Deep Guilt Faith over Works, “95 Theses” in Wittenberg (1517) Rejection of Church Hierarchy, Luther’s Response to Tetzel Diet of Worms, Charles V and the Holy Roman Empire
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Unformatted text preview: Luther’s relation to Political and Religious Authority; Frederick of Saxony Luther’s view of Sacraments, Translation of Bible, “Priesthood of All Believers” Marriage to Katherina von Bora 2. Calvinism John Calvin (1509-1564); early life; the New Religious community Problems of Evil and Grace, “The elect,” Predestination Institutes of the Christian Religion (1536) Calvinists and Political Authority, Theocracy in Geneva Calvinist missionaries, Influence of Puritanism 3. Socially Radical Protestantism The Religious Demand for Social Equality Anabaptists, Millenarian Politics Radicals in Münster, Repression of Social Radicalism The Cultural, Social and Political Support for Protestantism...
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