03-30-09 Notes

03-30-09 Notes - Cortés and the Aztecs(1519-21 Defeat of...

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European Expansion and the Creation of Europe’s Overseas Empires Conquests and European Identity (Claims for Superiority) Post-Colonial theory and the Meaning of European Colonialism Modern Critiques of European Conquests: Human Costs Hierarchy and European Conceptions of International Order Why the West? Motives for Exploration and Conquest? Economic, Political, Religious Means for Exploration? Technology: Navigation, Weapons State Support: Portugal, Spain (Ships, Sailors) European Conquests Vasco da Gama in India, Portuguese Spice Trade Christopher Columbus (1446?-1506) in Caribbean (1492) Amerigo Vespucci and the Naming of America Balboa reaches the Pacific Ocean (1513) Magellan’s trip around the world (1519-22) Conquistadors and the Native American Empires
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Unformatted text preview: Cortés and the Aztecs (1519-21), Defeat of Montezuma, Aztecs in Mexico Pizarro and the Incas (1533), Inca Empire at Cuzco, Machu Pichu and Inca Traditions, Peru Consequences Population Decline, Brutality, Destruction of Cultures Bartholomew de Las Casas (1474-1566): Critique of Spain & Defense of Native Americans A Short Account of the History of the Indies (1542) Debate with Sepúlveda (1550) Organization of the Spanish Empire Viceroyalities of Mexico and Peru, Encomienda African Slave Trade and the System of Slave Labor Mines at Potosí, Silver and Gold for Europe and China Empires and the Changing Global Economic System Impact of New World on European Culture...
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