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04-08-09 Notes - Restoration(1660 and the Return of Charles...

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The New Monarchies and Their Opponents Europe in an Age of Colonial Expansion Rise of England and France: The New Balance of Power English and French Expansion in the New World Habsburg Problems: Loss of Wealth, Thirty Years War Differences Between England and France Constitutional Monarchy and “Absolute” Monarchy 1. The English Revolution Stuart Kings, James I (1603-1625), Scholar? Divine Right? Opposition: Parliament, Gentry, Merchants, Puritans Charles I (1625-1649), Conflict with Parliament Petition of Right (1628) The Long Parliament (1640-1653), Civil War in 1640s New Model Army (Roundheads), Cromwell (1599-1658) Royalists (Cavaliers), Power of “Rump” Parliament Execution of King Charles I (1649) Creation of Republic, Radical Movements in Society Levellers, John Lilburne, “Diggers,” Quakers, George Fox
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Unformatted text preview: Restoration (1660) and the Return of Charles II Why Opponents Achieved Success in England? Parliament? Gentry and Social Base? Religion, Nation? 2. Triumph of French “Absolutism” Bourbon Kings, Louis XIII (1610-43), Louis XIV (1643-1715) Influence of Richelieu (1585-1642), “Raison d’Etat” Intendants, Control of Nobles Opposition to Royal Policies: Huguenots, Nobles Suppression of La Rochelle (Huguenot city) Mazarin, Anne of Austria, Resistance to Mazarin “The Fronde” (1648-1653), Nobles Seek to Gain Power Why Absolutism Emerged in France? Social Classes, Religion, Claims to Represent Nation, Louis XIV Aristocracies and Power in England and France Political Alternatives and Imperial Expansion...
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