09-04-08 Notes

09-04-08 Notes - b. Distinctiveness: Does the person act in...

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Deciding the Cause: Attribution Theory Perceiving the causes of one’s own and/or others’ behaviors 1. Person/Dispositional/Internal Attributions: Factors occurring “inside” the person. 2. Situation/Environmental/External Attributions: Factors occurring “outside” the person. Real-Life Examples: Importance of Attributions 1. You have an employee performing poorly. What’s the reason? a. Person’s Sick b. Person’s Lazy 2. You have a student performing well. What’s the reason? a. Person’s Able b. Person’s Lucky 3. You have a partner who brings a gift. What’s the reason? a. Person’s Romantic b. Person’s Unfaithful 4. You have a friend who is helpful. What’s the reason? a. Person’s Kind b. Person’s Manipulative Kelley’s Co variation (or ANOVA) Model 1. Three main sources of information used when deciding the cause: a. Consensus: Does everybody act in the same way? (“Does everybody do it?”)
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Unformatted text preview: b. Distinctiveness: Does the person act in the same way on other occasions? (Does this person do this at other times?) c. Consistency: Does the person act in the same way to other stimuli? (Does this person do this to other things?) Attribution Bias 1. Fundamental Attribution Error (FAE) or Correspondence Bias: Tendency to attribute others behaviors to personal factors. 2. Self-Other (Actor-Observer) Bias: Tendency to attribute; a. Others behaviors personal factors b. Own behaviors situational factors 3. Self-Serving Bias a. Own behaviors i. Success Personal ii. Failure Situational b. Others behaviors (not as relevant, but . . . ) i. Success Situational ii. Failure Personal...
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09-04-08 Notes - b. Distinctiveness: Does the person act in...

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