Test Two Study Guide

Test Two Study Guide -...

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Hitler’s motivations for declaring war on the 4 Allies of WWII, and why each of his endeavors ultimately failed. o France* – Revenge for WWI and Territory, led to ? o England* – Continued expansion, In Battle of Britain they lost most of the air force o Russia - Fears of the loss of Romanian Oil, Led to war on two fronts o USA – Japanese Assault, Brought the US into the war (Invasion of France) and eventual defeat for Germany Response of European neighbors to Nazi expansion o At first there was an effort to appease Hitler, with parts Czechoslovakia (Munich Agreement) however after Hitler invades Poland, France the UK declare war on Germany Ideology of lebensraum o (German for "habitat" or literally "living space") served as a major motivation for Nazi Germany's territorial aggression. German people needed Lebensraum – land, and raw materials – and that it should be taken in the East. Was also used as a slogan in Germany during the late 1800’s referring to the unification of the country and the acquisition of colonies, based on the English and French models. The changing role of the USSR throughout the World War II era o USSR originally signed a secret non-aggression pact with Germany (included was an agreement to divide the soon to be conquered Poland). However once the Soviets began to invade Romania, Hitler feared he would lose the massive oil reserves within that country. He then instated Operation Barbarossa, a plan to take out Russia and take her raw resources. However the plan was delayed by actions in Greece and the Balkans, this coupled with the fact the Russian winter came early in 1941 turned the plan from a swift action taking only 3 months to a standoff on Russian soil. Battle of Britain o The Battle of Britain was the first major campaign to be fought entirely by air forces. The failure of Nazi Germany to reach its objectives—to destroy Britain's air defense or to force Britain out of the war by forcing an armistice or surrender—is considered both its first major defeat and a crucial turning point in the war.
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o Luftwaffe vs. the RAF (Royal Air Force) o Germany originally planned to just wipe out the RAF forces to clear the way Operation Sealion (Amphibious Invasion of Britain) however with the strategy failing, Germany focused bombings on civilian targets in an effort to break morale. Air forces were eventually removed by Germany in an effort to prepare for Operation Barbarossa. Hilberg’s 4 stages in the process of the destruction of the Jews o Nazi Germany's persecution of Jews, Hilberg argued, began relatively mildly through political-legal discrimination and the appropriation of Jewish assets (1933-39). Ghettoization followed: the isolation of Jews in and their confinement to Ghettoes (1939-41). The final stage, Hilberg concluded, was the destruction itself, the continental annihilation of European Jews (1941-45). o
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2009 for the course HIST 2222 taught by Professor Davidspires during the Spring '07 term at Colorado.

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Test Two Study Guide -...

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