Diet_and_CHD.09w - Diet Analysis Paper, Part I Due at 12:20...

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Diet Analysis Paper, Part I Due at 12:20 p.m., Thursday, Feb. 26 Place paper in box located at entrance to Call Auditorium Late papers will be docked 5% per day
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Total Cardiovascular Disease High blood pressure (hypertension) Coronary heart disease Heart Failure Stroke Peripheral artery disease
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Coronary Heart Disease The leading cause of death in affluent countries. Caused by insufficient blood supply to the heart due to atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries.
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A Total CVD A Total CVD B Cancer B Cancer C Accidents C Accidents D Chronic Lower Respiratory D Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases Diseases E Diabetes Mellitus E Diabetes Mellitus F Alzheimer’s Disease F Alzheimer’s Disease CVD and other major causes of death for all males and females (United States: 2004). Source: NCHS and NHLBI. 286,830 58,646 267,058 410,628 72,050 35,267 459,096 63,341 46,991 39,962 0 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 A B C D E A B D F C Deaths Males Females Leading Causes of Death in the U.S.
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Atherosclerosis A condition in which the inner layer of the artery wall is thickened by the deposition of lipids. It is the underlying cause of most heart disease and plays a major role in strokes. It may also lead to aneurysms.
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Myocardial Infarction Heart attack. Occurs when blood supply to heart is cut off (e.g. by a thrombus in a coronary artery) or severely limited. Results in death of cardiac tissue.
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Lipid Transport in Blood Blood is mainly water Lipids are insoluble in water How are lipids moved around the body?
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Lipoproteins Lipid-rich particles in the blood Required for transport of lipid in the blood Composed of: proteins polar lipids (phospholipids) cholesterol triglycerides
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Lipoproteins Chylomicrons Very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) Low density lipoproteins (LDL) High density lipoproteins (HDL)
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Chylomicrons Form in the intestine Carry lipids from the intestine to the liver and other tissues Very high in triglycerides from ingested food Also carry dietary cholesterol
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Source: University of Guelph
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Chylomicrons A. Are formed in the liver B. Deposit cholesterol in arteries C. Deliver dietary fat to adipose tissue D. Promote reverse cholesterol transport
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2009 for the course FD SC 150 taught by Professor Gravani&miller during the Spring '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Diet_and_CHD.09w - Diet Analysis Paper, Part I Due at 12:20...

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