Food_Additives_09 - Food Additives Definition Food...

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Food Additives Food Additives
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Definition Definition Food Additives are: Chemical substances added to foods for specific purposes Any substances, other than the basic food stuff, that are present in a food as a result of any aspect of production, processing, packaging or storage
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Purposes of Food Additives Purposes of Food Additives Maintain or improve nutritional value Enhance quality / maintain freshness Aid / facilitate food production, processing or preparation Reduce waste Make food more readily available Improve consumer acceptability
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Food Additives Food Additives If the desired effect can be obtained by Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs) In amounts greater than the minimum necessary to achieve the desired results Food Additives should be detectable using an appropriate analytical method for the compound Should NOT be used:
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Additives Used to Maintain or Additives Used to Maintain or Improve Nutritional Quality Improve Nutritional Quality Fortification - add nutrients to foods Enrichment – pertains to refined grain products; replaces nutrients lost in milling Thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, iron and folic acid USDA assumes that 90% of grain products are enriched
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Guidelines for Addition of Guidelines for Addition of Nutrients to Foods Nutrients to Foods 4) 5) Nutrient is physiologically available from the food 6) Reasonable assurance against excessive intake of nutrients
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Microbial Inhibitors Microbial Inhibitors The amount of water that is not bound to food components and is available to support microbial growth Water Activity (Aw)
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Acids Acetic Acid (vinegar) - used to acidify foods (lower pH) in canned foods. This permits commercial “ sterilization” at less severe conditions. Benzoic Acid (benzoates) - used as an
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Food_Additives_09 - Food Additives Definition Food...

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