SustainableFood.09w - Toward a Sustainable Global Food...

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Toward a Sustainable Global Food Supply Dennis Miller Department of Food Science Cornell University Ithaca, New York
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Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2007
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Trends in greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere World Meteorological Association. Accessed on 02/07/2008 http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/arep/gaw/ghg/ghgbull06_en.html
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Greenhouse gasses Carbon dioxide Methane Nitrous oxide Chlorofluoro carbons
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Neill J. wilderdom.com /psychology/social/introduction/ , accessed 4/3/09
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World Pop, 1/20/09: 6,879,000,000
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Can world agriculture keep up with an expanding global population?
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Kcal/person/day 3,050 2030 (projected) 2,800 2002 2,360 Mid 1960s World Food Production FAO, 2002. "World agriculture: towards 2015/2030“ http://www.fao.org/docrep/004/y3557e/y3557e00.htm
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Given the rapid growth in population, how is this possible?
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Green Revolution Started in the 1960’s High yielding varieties of wheat, rice, and maize Improved farming practices Fertilizer Pesticides Irrigation Multiple crops per year
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Fertilizer Nutrient Cereal Wheat Rice Irrigation Use TractorsProduction million ha million t millions million t Green Revolution: Changes in Factors of Production in  Developing Countries of Asia M ha / % area Adoption of Modern varieties 1961 0 / 0% 0 / 0% 87 2 0.2 309 1970 14 / 20% 15 / 20% 106 10 0.5 463 1980 39 / 49% 55 / 43% 129 29 2.0 618 1990 60 / 70% 85 / 65% 158 54 3.4 858 2000 70 / 84% 100 / 74% 175 70 4.8 962 Source: FAOSTAT, July 2002 and author’s estimated on modern variety adoption, based on CIMMYT and IRRI data. Norman Borlaug, 2005
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World food production Dramatic increases in quantities Improved nutrition in high income countries Improvements in health and life expectancies Food technology advances provide year-round access to healthy foods McMichael AJ et al., Lancet. 2007; 370:1253-1263
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Is the global food supply sustainable?
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1987 Brundtland Report Developed guiding principles for sustainable development “Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs .”
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SustainableFood.09w - Toward a Sustainable Global Food...

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