{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Anion Naming Flow Chart

Anion Naming Flow Chart - Anions(negative ions Monoatomic...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Anions (negative ions) Monoatomic Oxyanions (containing oxygen) Others and Exceptions Oxyanions which contain hydrogen Rule: Stem of the element name + "ide" Rule: least oxygen less oxygen more oxygen most oxygen Rule: These items do not follow any rules; they must be memorized. The rules referred to are those in the box just to the left. Rule: H plus oxyanion: "hydrogen" + name of oxyanion Examples: H¯ hydride ion F¯ fluoride ion 2¯ O oxide ion 3¯ N nitride ion C 4¯ carbide ion Examples: ClO¯ ClO2¯ ClO3¯ ClO4¯ SO32¯ SO42¯ hypo ___ ite ion ___ ite ion ___ ate ion per ___ ate ion hypochlorite ion chlorite ion chlorate ion perchlorate ion sulfite ion sulfate ion Comment: Halogens (except F) form all four ions. When only two of the four exist, they are the -ite and -ate ions. Examples: OH¯ CN¯ SCN¯ OCN¯ O22¯ O2¯ MnO42¯ MnO 4¯ C2H3O2¯ Cr2O72¯ C2O42¯ hydroxide ion cyanide ion thiocyanate ion cyanate ion peroxide ion superoxide ion manganate ion permanganate ion acetate ion dicromate ion oxalate ion H2 plus oxyanion: "dihydrogen" + name of oxyanion Examples: HCO3¯ hydrogen carbonate ion or bicarbonate ion HSO4¯ hydrogen sulfate ion or bisulfate ion HPO42¯ hydrogen phosphate ion or biphosphate ion H2PO4¯ dihydrogen phosphate ion Comment: H2CO3 is not named using this rule because it is a compound see comment just to and not an ion. the left. ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online