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Unformatted text preview: Sociology Sociology
• The study of people in groups The groups • Groups in the process of selfthe formation • through the actions of individuals through individuals • through the actions and forces of through the groups themselves themselves The Study of People in Groups The
• The “Scientific” study of The – groups and groups – group formation • Groups, as collections of people Groups, in the process of self-definition self-definition Scientific Study of Groups Scientific
• Involves Methods of Study Involves Methods • Involves Theories of Study Involves Theories METHODS of STUDY METHODS
• • • • • • Observation (obtrusive and unobtrusive) Observation Surveys Surveys Experiments Historical Comparison Cross-Cultural Comparison Archival Research Suspending Judgement Suspending
• A key attitude in the study of society is key the research approach called cultural relativism relativism • This is in contrast to the common This approach, which views other cultures and societies from the point of view of one’s own values and beliefs-- otherwise known as ethnocentrism ethnocentrism Theories of Study Theories
• Functionalism (and variations) – structuralism • Social Conflict Theory • Symbolic Interactionism • Gender Theory (Feminist Theory) Functionalism Functionalism
• Social groups and society are viewed like Social “living organisms” “living • groups and group processes are studied groups as parts of a functioning whole as • aspects and behaviors of society may aspects have obvious (manifest) functions or have functions “hidden” (latent) functions “hidden” Functionalism: Durkheim Functionalism:
• Emile Durkheim: French Sociologist • (1858-1917) • Considered one of the “fathers of Considered modern sociology” modern Social Conflict Theory Social
• Society is created from the ongoing Society conflict between key groups conflict • According to some theorists, these groups According are the main economic “classes” of society society • these are made up of those who own the these main wealth of society, and those who own little but their ability to labor own Social Conflict Theory:Marx Social
• The main theorist representing this The approach is Karl Marx (1818-1883) approach • He saw society as being built out of the He conflicting interests of the “owner class” and the “working class” and • In his view, the ensuing struggle between In classes would lead to a cl...
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- Spring '08