Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Sociology Sociology • The study of people in groups The groups • Groups in the process of selfthe formation • through the actions of individuals through individuals • through the actions and forces of through the groups themselves themselves The Study of People in Groups The • The “Scientific” study of The – groups and groups – group formation • Groups, as collections of people Groups, in the process of self-definition self-definition Scientific Study of Groups Scientific • Involves Methods of Study Involves Methods • Involves Theories of Study Involves Theories METHODS of STUDY METHODS • • • • • • Observation (obtrusive and unobtrusive) Observation Surveys Surveys Experiments Historical Comparison Cross-Cultural Comparison Archival Research Suspending Judgement Suspending • A key attitude in the study of society is key the research approach called cultural relativism relativism • This is in contrast to the common This approach, which views other cultures and societies from the point of view of one’s own values and beliefs-- otherwise known as ethnocentrism ethnocentrism Theories of Study Theories • Functionalism (and variations) – structuralism • Social Conflict Theory • Symbolic Interactionism • Gender Theory (Feminist Theory) Functionalism Functionalism • Social groups and society are viewed like Social “living organisms” “living • groups and group processes are studied groups as parts of a functioning whole as • aspects and behaviors of society may aspects have obvious (manifest) functions or have functions “hidden” (latent) functions “hidden” Functionalism: Durkheim Functionalism: • Emile Durkheim: French Sociologist • (1858-1917) • Considered one of the “fathers of Considered modern sociology” modern Social Conflict Theory Social • Society is created from the ongoing Society conflict between key groups conflict • According to some theorists, these groups According are the main economic “classes” of society society • these are made up of those who own the these main wealth of society, and those who own little but their ability to labor own Social Conflict Theory:Marx Social • The main theorist representing this The approach is Karl Marx (1818-1883) approach • He saw society as being built out of the He conflicting interests of the “owner class” and the “working class” and • In his view, the ensuing struggle between In classes would lead to a cl...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online