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February 3 - • EPSP-a message that excites the cell •...

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February 3 Nucleus: contain DNA information; blue print for protein synthesis Mitochondria: energy generator Ribosome: where proteins are produced Golgi complex: where molecules are stored in vesicles for transport Neuron is surrounded by a membrane o Separates the inside from the outside o Composed of lipid belayed (two layers of fat molecules) o Embedded in midst of this lipid bilayer are protein molecules Channel proteins/signal-receptor proteins Information integration is decreased in prefrontal cortex of schitz patients Donald Hebb: rats at home versus in cage in lab o Enriched environment improved performance in mazes o Complex and stimulating environment also increased branching of neurons in cortex Maternal separation influences likelihood to develop Early influences play a major role in how the brain develops
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Unformatted text preview: • EPSP-a message that excites the cell • IPSP-a message that inhibits • Excitatory-increase in positive ions coming inside the cell, primarily sodium or calcium • I really need to pay attention now • Action potential o Depolarization: less negative o Hyperpolarization: more negative o Threshold or action potential is reached (-30 mV) o All channels open up and all sodium rushes in o All this activity occurs and then it peaks o Now the inside of the cell is positive in relation to the outside o K+ wants to leave because it can through pump o-90 mV is reached as k+ leaves and it goes below resting potential • tetrodotoxin ttx o blocks NA+ channels o prevents communication that occurs in nervous system o makes the person look like they’re dead but are in fact NOT...
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