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CMST_1150_Final_review - For Exam Three Only Chapters 3,5,6...

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For Exam Three: Only Chapters 3,5,6 Introduction to Communication Theory (K. Filbel lecture) 1. Communication theory as a general term (a theory about communication). a. Definition by Ernest Bormann – An umbrella term for all careful, systematic, self-conscious discussion and analysis of communication phenomena b. Uses social science methodology – theory is inescapable 2. Social science view of communication theories (know all characteristics and perspectives of social scientific point of view). a. Truth as singular i. If accurate will never change – absolute ii. Trick to apprehend truth as is, not how want it to be… b. Truth is discoverable – it is out there! c. Truth is ultimately absolute i. Many philosophers believe truth to be this way! Plato… ii. Eternal… iii. As an ideal iv. Sophists disagree – truth to be argued, although some are basically obvious d. Characteristics of social science i. Objectivity 1. Useful 2. Ex. Birds 3. Think of subjectivity too 4. Degrees… ii. Evidence is independent – think of affirmations iii. Outside forces contribute to human behavior – physical forces/influences iv. Emphasize testing theory 1. Methodical 2. Replicate a study 3. Necessary 4. Different from critical approaches 3. Interpretive view of communication theories (know all characteristics and perspectives of interpretive point of view). a. The Interpretive Approach 1. Not approach characterizes Communication Theory 2. Relates to first 2 areas ii. Rhetoric and Performance Studies uses an interpretive approach 1. It is critical, philosophical, and subjective 2. Recognizes difference, not law-like, takes this in account in all study 3. Male vs. female rhetoric – female recognizes subjectivity 4. Often studied from interpretive perspective – ex: religion… social science method would be sociological approach to religion (historical, statistical, etc…) 5. Include both approaches in this study! 6. Ex: Study movies from statistical analysis vs. critique from Ebert… more than one way to study, several methodologies iii. Reality is “constructed socially and personally” 1. Not waiting to be discovered
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2. Opinions may be same as many people you know….cultural aspect – social construction, an “evening out” 3. Ex: your car vs. rental car 4. Personal and not social means individual, odd, unique, valued, different 5. Think of language – understanding, vocabulary, slang, dialectic, pronunciation… is there ever 100% agreement and understanding? b. Elements of Interpretation i. Subjectivity 1. Who we are affects what we see and don’t see 2. Ex: understanding/opinion from materialism 3. Think of loving people…subjectivity agree with them 4. Ex: prejudice 5. Layers of individual and collective… more to them that any one methodology can understand fully 6. “A” way of knowing, not “the” way ii. Seeks to create a particular outlook 1. “My way is the right way…” 2. From wholly subjective to inter-subjective – learn responsibility, sharing, etc… iii. A study of intent and motives 1. Why do you do what you do?
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